Research: Literature References

Literature References

Tooth Extraction—An Opportunity for Site Preservation
Contemporary Esthetics, Feb 2007
Michael Sonick, Debby Hwang

Tooth extraction not only involves emotional trauma for the patient but also physical deformity. This article discusses the factors affecting bone loss after extraction, the esthetics and functional reasons for preventing this bone loss, either for further implant use or even without plans for implant. It also introduces the procedure for socket preservation and compares materials used in the procedure.

Degradation of Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) 50:50 Implant in Aqueous Medium
Iranian Polymer Journal 14 (8), 2005, 753-763
Tahereh Darestani Farahani, Ali Akbar Entezami, Hamid Mobedi, and Mojtaba Abtahi

This article discusses the properties of similar materials used in making Alvelac™. Its biodegradation behavior is observed and reported.

Dental Implant Design and Biological Effects on Bone-Implant Interface
Stomatologija, Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal, 6:51-4, 2004
Linish Vidyasagar, Peteris Apse

The traditional procedure of dental implants is a two-stage, 7-8 months process, which may be unsatisfactory to the patient. The current trend is towards one-stage procedure which success depends largely on the bone quality and quantity, the implant geometry and the site preparation technique. This review looks at how the various aspects of implant design affect the initial implant stability and bone responses to these factors. It may be deduced that implant thread design may be influential in poor quality bone, but less of a issue in good quality bone.

Ridge Preservation following Tooth Extraction using a Polylactide And Polyglycolide Sponge as Space Filler: A Clinical and Histological Study in Humans
Clinical Oral Implants Research, 2003; 14(5):651-8
Giovanni Serino, Salvatore Biancu, Giovanna Iezzi, Adriano Piattelli

The placement of different graft materials and/or the use of membranes to cover the socket after extraction are techniques aimed at preserving/reducing socket ridge erosion. The use of grafting materials in fresh extraction sockets has however been questioned because particles of the grafted material have been found in sockets 6–9 months following their insertion. This study aimed to (i) evaluate whether socket erosion following tooth extraction could be prevented or reduced by the application of a bioabsorbable polylactide–polyglycolide sponge used as a space filler, compared to natural healing by clot formation, and (ii) evaluate histologically the amount and quality of bone tissue formed in the sockets, 6 months after the use of the bioabsorbable material. Thirty-six patients, undergoing periodontal therapy, participated in this study.

Extraction Site Reconstruction For Alveolar Ridge Preservation
Part 1: Rationale And Materials Selection
Journal of Oral Implantology, Vol. XXVII/No. Four/2001
Barry K. Bartee

Bone is lost progressively after tooth extraction which over the long term may result in inadequate bone for dental implants. This article describes the process of bone loss after tooth extraction, materials for extraction site grafting, and proposed mechanisms to prevent the bone loss.

Post-Extraction Remodeling of the Adult Mandible
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology & Medicine, 10(3):384-404 (1999)
V.J. Kingsmill

This article reviews the local and systemic factors which may play a role in the post-extraction remodeling of the mandible (jawbone). Since severe residual ridge erosion may occur even when the bone status in the rest of the skeleton is good and vice versa, it is concluded that local functional factors are of paramount significance. It is now essential to determine how they can be modified and applied to help maintain ridge height and quality in our aging, edentulous population.

Ridge Preservation: Why Not?
Journal of the American Dental Association, 1996;127;669-670
Gordon J. Christensen

Dr. Christensen advocates that ridge preservation be included as a common dental procedure due to its esthetic and functional advantages and its simple, easy, fast and inexpensive procedure. Ridge Preservation indications, method & material, technique and outcome are discussed as well.